Avoiding direct sunlight and wind - we want to welcome birds into our gardens and into nest boxes, so avoiding direct sunlight and wind will make the nest box more comfortable for birds and their chicks.
Keep clear of feeders - try to position your nest box away from feeders where potential predators, such as squirrels or cats may visit for food. This will help keep the birds safe.
Multiple nest boxes - there’s no right or wrong answer about the number of nest boxes you should have in your garden. By having more than one nest box, you have more chance of attracting different species who can nest comfortably each in a nest box.
Height - when fitting your nest box, ensure it’s high enough so birds cannot be disturbed by family pets or people, especially during breeding season. If you’re looking to attract sparrows, starlings or tits, fixing your next box 2 - 4 metres up a wall or tree would be ideal.
Protect trees - Fortunately, trees are durable plants, Hammering a nail into a tree does create a wound, but if the tree is healthy, no serious harm will be done. Stainless steel or galvanized nails or screws that won't rust are the safest for trees. Never wrap the trunk in wire or rope because this can kill the tree.