Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)

Chaffinch Facts

  • Scientific name: Fringilla coelebs

  • Family: Finches (Fringillidae)

  • Wingspan: 24.5 - 28.5cm (10 - 11 1/2")

  • Diet: Mainly insects and seeds

  • Feed with: ideal food for the chaffinch is sunflower hearts and sunflower seeds

  • Habitat: Chaffinches enjoy woodlands, hedgerows, parks and gardens. They are abundant through the UK.

  • Lifespan: 3 Years

  • Chaffinch Characteristics

    THE CHAFFINCH IS the most abundant finch in the UK. With its striking pinkish-red breast and cheeks, grey-blue crown and nape and characteristic white wing bars, the chaffinch is arguably our most 'underrated' bird. Watch carefully and you'll notice that throughout summer the plumage is brighter than in winter.

    Altogether, there are around 6,200,000 breeding pairs.

    Conservation Status of the Chaffinch

    The Chaffinch is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List

    The Chaffinch is classified as Least Concern

    Chaffinch Feeding

    Insects, caterpillars, seeds and nuts are common foods of the beautiful chaffinch. In the garden, you'll find the chaffinch enjoys rummaging around for sunflower hearts and seeds. They are a little shy and don't take too well to feeding openly on hanging feeders. Therefore, chaffinches can often be found feeding under hedges and bird tables.

    Chaffinch Audio

    The chaffinch is noted for its characteristic 'rain' call, with a memorable "chip, chip, chip. Chooee, chooee, cheeoo". Listen below.

    For more bird sounds, visit this page.

    Chaffinch Breeding & Nesting

    Chaffinch nests are cup shaped, built primarily from moss, grass and feathers, and lined with feathers and wool. These nests can often be spotted in forks of branches or buried within shrubs.

    During the breeding season, chaffinches produce eggs that are very smooth, round and light blue with small brown speckles. Breeding typically begins in April, the incubation period lasts around 15 days and there are roughly 11 - 18 fledge days.

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